Stillwater, also known as Shimizu, is a county governor of Payne County in central Oklahoma. By 2012 estimates, the city's population is 46,560, ranking 10th in Oklahoma; Its urban statistical area (Micropolitan Statistical Area) is 78399. Stillwater was part of the first Land run land grab in Oklahoma on April 22, 1889, becoming the centerpiece of the new Oklahoma Territory. On August 24 of that year, the City Charter was approved. Stillwater is home to the main campus of Oklahoma State University.
Stillwater City Center
|Nickname: Cowboy Country, Stilly, Shimizu|
|Motto: "Where Oklahoma Began!", "Home of Red Dirt Music"|
Stillwater in Payne County and Oklahoma
|Coordinates: 36°07′18″N 97°04′07″W / 36.1217°N 97.0686°W / 36.1217; -97.0686|
|Jianshi||December 12, 1884|
|· Type||parliamentary management system|
|· mayor||Gina Noble|
|· Total||28.3 Square Mile (73.3) square kilometers)|
|· land||27.9 Square Mile (72.1) square kilometers)|
|· water||0.5 Square mile (1.2) square kilometers)|
|altitude||896 Feet (273) meters)|
|· Total||45,688 people|
|· density||1,600 person/sq mi (620 person/sq km)|
|· Xia Shi||CDT(UTC-05:00)|
|Phone area code||405|
|GNIS Private ID||1098541|
Coordinates: 36°06′56″N 97°03′31″W / 36.11566°N 97.05863°W / 36.11566; -97.05863
Stillwater has a diverse economy, including aerospace, integrated agriculture, biotechnology, optoelectronic engineering, printing, publishing and software. The city's government is organized in the form of a parliamentary-managerial system. The biggest employer in the city is Oklahoma State University. In 2010, Stillwater was named first of the 100 Best Places to Live in CNN Fortune magazine.
Stillwater is in the Tornado Alley. The climate is sub-tropical humid, with a recorded maximum temperature of 115 °F (46 °C) as of August 11, 1936.
The city is home to the National Wrestling Hall of Fame and Museum and the Oklahoma State Cowboys wrestling.
In the Louisiana purchase of land in 1803, the north-central region of Oklahoma became part of the United States. In 1832, Washington Irving first described Stillwater and the surrounding area in his book, "A Tour on the Prairies," writing, "It's the boundless steppe illuminated by autumn sun, and the frequent buffalo trail shows it's their favorite meadow."
According to one legend, the local Indian tribes (Ponca, Kiowa, Osage, Pawnee) call a creek "static water" because the water in it is always static. In the second legend, herders from Texas who drive their herds returned east by rail found the creek "there it was." The third myth is that David L. When Payne arrived at Jingshui River, he said: "The city should be called Jingshui." His peers thought he was crazy, but he kept his name.
William L. When Couch set up his boomer colony on the banks of the stream, the stream was officially named. Migrants and soldiers have sometimes clashed with local tribes because of their desire for the region's fertile land. On April 22, 1889, Land Run began, sending a large number of migrants into Unassigned Lands, including Stillwater, in Oklahoma. On the same day, 240 acres (0.97 square kilometers) were claimed or designated in the town of Tent city, a 300-person tent city built on grasslands. The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture believes that the city was officially named "Stillwater" after the post office was established on May 28, 1889.
On Christmas Eve in 1890, the legislature of the Oklahoma Territory passed a proposal that made Stillwater the seat of the Gifting University. In 1894, the University of Agriculture and Technology in Oklahoma received a grant for the first brick house, known later as Old Central. Between 1889 and the founding of Oklahoma, Stillwater grew. In 1907 (the state of Oklahoma), Stillwater already had more than 50 buildings, including many banks, churches, grocery stores, hotels, and department stores.
Stillwater's first newspaper was Stillwater Gazette. The telephone and fuel services were established in 1899 and the East Oklahoma Railway was operational in 1900. In 1900, the urban population was less than 500.
In 1917, the urban population was 3,000. By World War II, the population had grown to 10,000. During the war, the goal of city leaders was to transform the University of Agricultural Technology in Oklahoma into a war-training center. They successfully established 12 training units, bringing nearly 40,000 men and women to Stillwater. WAVES (Women's Accepted for Volumeter Emergency Service) is the largest of the 10,000 members. The Quonset huts is all over the city, and the headquarters of today's Stillwater Medical Center and CareerTech were occupied by military camps. This action helped the development of cities during the war and laid the foundation for the healthy development of urban economy after the war.
In 1952, the city's Industrial Foundation set up a custodian of attempts to bring new industries to Stillwater. Moore Plant, Mercury Marine, National Standard plant, World Color Press, Armstrong World Industries, Inc. were established in 1966, 1973, 1988, 1974, 1988, respectively. In the 2000 survey, the urban population was 39065, and in 2009 this figure reached 46156.
Stillwater's government is organized in the form of a parliamentary-managerial system. The elected municipal council (City Council) is responsible for formulating policies, adopting decrees and approving urban budgets. The City Council designates the city manager to implement the policy approved by the City Council.
The city council meets at Stillwater City Hall on the first and third Monday of each month.
Stillwater does not have a district of city council, but regular elections are held every year. Each April, Stillwater will hold elections for mayors and city councilors, with one of the five seats being re-elected for a three-year term. The deputy mayor shall be elected by the members of the Municipal Assembly, who shall perform the duties of mayor in the absence of the mayor.
In 2015, the City Council was composed of Mayor Gina Noble, Deputy Mayor Pat Darlington and Councilors Miguel Najera and Joe Weaver.
The city of Stillwater has about 500 employees. The Municipal Government encourages residents to participate in the committee and accept applications at any time during the year. The Committee supervises the policies and services of the municipal government.
Stillwater's crime rate in 2009 was 3,657 per 100,000, compared with 3,466 per 100,000 nationwide. In 2009, Stillwater reported rape, 15 robberies, 519 attacks, 308 burglary and 1,185 ordinary thefts.
Stillwater is in the 33rd and 34th Congressional districts of Oklahoma, represented by Republican Lee Denney and Democrat Cory Williams. In the Oklahoma Senate, Stillwater is in the 21st district, represented by Republican James Halligan.
Stillwater is 60 miles northeast of Oklahoma City (97 kilometers). According to the US Census Bureau, the total area of urban jurisdiction is 28.3 square miles (73.3 square kilometers), of which 27.9 square miles (72.1 square kilometers) are land and 0.5 square miles (1.2 square kilometers) are water.
Stillwater is a sub-tropical humid climate, in the well known Tornado Alley. Tornadoes are frequently monitored and warned. When an alarm is issued, the siren sounds to warn citizens to take refuge. The city's sunny, hot and humid summer, with an average of 10 days of maximum temperature exceeding 100°F (38°C) per year. Winter is usually clear, mild and dry. The average January temperature is 47°F and the average annual snowfall is 7.5 inches (19.1 cm)
Stillwater has a record high temperature of 115 °F (46 °C) on August 11, 1936, and a minimum temperature of -18 °F (-28 °C) on February 13-14, 1905, and February 4, 1996.
|Stillwater (Oklahoma) climate average data|
|Highest historical temperature(°C)||81 |
|Average high temperature(°C)||47.1 |
|Average low temperature°F (°C)||21.9 |
|Historical Lowest Temperature at°F (°C)||-12 |
|Average Precipitation inmm (mm)||1.30 |
|Average snowin cm||3.1 |
|Average Precipitation Days (≥ 0.01 in)Average Precipitation Days||4.5||4.6||6.9||7.3||9.1||8.1||5.6||6.3||7.1||6.1||5.5||4.6||75.7|
|Average snowfall days (≥ 0.1 in)||1.3||1.0||0.3||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0.2||1.0||3.8|
|Credit: NOAA The Weather Channel (extreme temperatures)|
According to the 2010 US census, Stillwater has 45,686 people, 17,941 households (householders) or 7,920 families (families). The population density is 1,547 people per square mile (541.6 people per square kilometer).
The ethnic composition of the city's inhabitants is 79.50% white, 4.71% African american, 3.93% Native American, 5.56% Asian, 0.006% Pacific Island, 1.19% other and 5.05% from two or more races. Hispanics and Latinos account for 4.26% of the population.
According to the 2000 population survey, 20.8% of all 15,604 households are minors under the age of 18, 36.1% are married, 7.7% are wife-only and 53.1% are non-family. 34.6% are single-family households and 0.6% are single-family households for the elderly over 65 years of age. The average number of households is 2.13 per household and 2.81 per household.
By age group, 15.2% of the population of Stillwater is under 18 years of age, 38.2% between 18 and 24 years of age, 24.4% between 25 and 44 years of age, and 13.6% between 45 and 64 years of age and 8.7% over 65 years of age. The median age of the population is 24 years.
The gender ratio in this Municipality is 1.027, compared to 1.024 in the adult population.
The median annual household income in this Municipality is USD 25,432 and the median annual household income is USD 41,938. The annual income for men was $31,623 and for women was $22,312. The per capita income of urban residents is $15,789. Approximately 12.6% of households and 27.3% of the population have incomes below the poverty line, of which 18.2% are minors under 18 years of age and 8.9% are older persons over 65 years of age.
Stillwater's economy is dominated by commerce and industry, from manufacturing to high technology. The major export industries are printing, publishing, building fabrics, wire rods, food products and research. Stillwater's main economic clusters are: aerospace, integrated agriculture, biotechnology, optoelectronic engineering, printing, publishing, software and standard manufacturing.
Oklahoma State University has a vital role in Stillwater's economy. The school has 20,000 students, 5,500 employees, and is dedicated to technology research.
According to the Business Council's website The Economy, Stillwater's top 10 employers are:
|employer||Number of employees|
|Oklahoma State University||6069|
|Stillwater Medical Center||1200|
|Stillwater Public School||822|
|Stillwater National Bank||300|
|Oklahoma Career Technology||280|
|Ocean Dental Headquarters||175|
Stillwater has obvious shopping, entertainment divisions. Downtown Main Street and the surrounding area are commercial improvement areas (Business improvement district). The western boundary of the region is Duncan Street, the eastern boundary is Lowry Street, the northern boundary is 4th Avenue, and the southern boundary gradually approaches 15th Avenue.
S Washington Street features small shops, restaurants and live music. It's adjacent to the Oklahoma State University campus and intersects with University Avenue. A few blocks east, on the corner of the campus, in Knoblock Street, there are specialty shops and restaurants, including Hideaway Pizza's own.
In 2014, Oklahoma State University was ranked by Princeton Review as one of 120 "Western Best Universities," and in 2013 it was ranked as one of 75 "Most Valuable Public Universities." The school has one of America's most acclaimed veterans programs. In 2014 US news and world reports, Oklahoma State University ranked 73rd among the "best public universities in the United States," and 142 out of all US universities. In 2003, Northern Oklahoma College added its campus in Stillwater. Applicants who do not meet the requirements of Oklahoma State University may go to the NOC-OSU program to study. Stillwater is the city's only school district, where more than 5,400 students attend. The district includes Highland Park, Richmond, Sangre Ridge, Skyline, Westwood, Will Rogers four primary schools, Stillwater High School, Stillwater Junior High School and Lincoln College (alternative education). There are two private schools in the city: Covenant Community School and Sunnybrook Christian School. Both schools provide preschool, primary and secondary education.
Stillwater Public Library was founded in 1922. In 1990, voters in Stillwater passed a proposal to issue $4.98m worth of bonds to build a new public library. The Stillwater Public Library has more than 100,000 core books, including paper books, audio books, CDs, DVDs, video magazines and newspapers. The library also provides technical services. The library has organized a number of community events, including free computer classes, children's stories and so on. The Edmon Low library at Oklahoma State University has about 3m books, 190,000 government archives, 70,000 electronic or paper journals. In addition, the Stillwater School Library has a library of architecture, course books, veterinary medicine and e-publishing.
Art and culture
Stillwater is the birthplace of red earth music. The red earth music mixes folk songs, country, blues, rock and roll.
Stillwater's main newspaper is NewsPress, along with the Stillwater Journal. Since 1985, Oklahoma State University has published The Daily O'Collegian. The city has many radio channels, including Stillwater. It includes four channels: KSPI 780 AM (sports, talk shows), KVRO 101.1 FM (classic rock), KGFY 105.5 FM (country music), and KSPI 93.7 FM (adult-era style). KOSU 91.7 FM is owned by Oklahoma State University and is a national public broadcasting channel. Stillwater Living Magazine, published by White Peacock Publishing, is a full-color monthly. Stillwater TV23 is a government-created TV station, which has channel number 23 on Suddenlink Communications. The broadcast was provided by the Stillwater City Government, including live broadcasts and videos of meetings of the Stillwater City Council and the Planning Commission.
Stillwater is home to the Oklahoma State Cowboys and Cowgirls. The Oklahoma State University team won 51 national NCAA titles. The team's men's events include baseball, basketball, rugby, cross-country races, golf, wrestling, tennis and athletics. Women's events include basketball, cross-country races, equestrian, soccer, softball, tennis and athletics.
The Oklahoma State Cowboys wrestling is in NCAA Division I and is one of the 12 League teams. The wrestling team won 34 group national titles (three of them unofficial) and 134 individual national titles.
There are two main roads through Stillwater:
SH-16, Oklahoma: Also known as 6th Avenue, the city runs east-west through the town. The road has been to West End, leading to the interstate I-35 and to Oklahoma City.
US Route US-177: Known as Perkins Road in the city, it runs north-south through the town.
The city also has a 7.2-mile (11.6 kilometers) line connecting the Cimarron toll road to Tulsa.
The Stillwater Regional Airport has served the city since 1917. There are no commercial flights at the airport and only private flights are available. The nearest commercial airport to Stillwater is Will Rogers World Airport in Oklahoma City and Tulsa International Airport in Tulsa. Both airports are about 75 to 90 minutes' drive from Stillwater.
From August 26, 2016, commercial flights to and from Fort Worth Dallas will be opened at Stillwater Regional Airport. The flight, operated by American Airlines' Envoy Air, leaves from Stillwater at 6:55 a.m. and 2:35 p.m., and from Dallas at 12:46 and 7:11 p.m. The flight will be flown by ERJ-145, for an estimated $275.
Oklahoma State University/Stillwater Community Transit System provides public transportation to the city. There are 10 bus routes running within the city of Stillwater and on the campus of Oklahoma State University.
Stillwater already had power facilities in 1907. This institution is now part of the Stillwater Municipal Service Administration. It provides electricity, tap water, wastewater treatment, solid waste management services. Part of the proceeds of the Authority are used to support the fire and police departments of the city, parks and entertainment systems, and other municipal services. Stillwater draws its water from about 40 miles (64 kilometers) away in Kaw Lake.
Stillwater Medical Center is a 119-bed, non-profit public health organization. Hospital services include first aid, wound treatment, delivery, surgery, imaging, rehabilitation, cancer treatment and health care.
The community also includes the Stillwater Surgery Center, which provides surgical outpatient services, and the Stillwater Cancer Center. The nearest teaching hospital in the city is the OU Medical Center, 70 to 80 kilometers south of the city.
Payne County Medical Service is also in Stillwater.
well known people
- Xavier Adibi, American professional rugby player.
- Burr DeBenning (1936 - 2003), actor
- Robert DoQui (1934 - 1998), actor
- Julian Ewell (1915-2009), US Army Lieutenant General
- Chester Gould (1900 - 1985), a nationally renowned cartoonist
- Jadin Gould, actor
- Matt Holliday, pro baseball player
- Howard Keys, professional rugby player, NFL coach
- James Marsden, actor
- Sharron Miller, film and television director, producer, playwright
- Ai Ogawa (1947 - 2010), poet, educator
- Rex Tillerson, US Secretary of State, former Chairman and CEO of ExxonMobil
- Alternative rock band The All American Rejects originated in Stillwater.
- In 2015 Fortune magazine named Stillwater one of the 25 best places to care for people in the country.
- In 2014, the United States today named Stillwater's annual Halloween party one of the top ten Halloween parties.
- In 2014, Stillwater was named by Movoto one of the top ten happiest small cities in the United States.
- In 2014, Movoto named Stillwater the top 10 stimulus locations in Oklahoma.
- In 2014, the United States today ranked Stillwater as one of the nine cities with the fastest incomes from 2010 to 2012. During that time, Stillwater's revenues grew by more than 17%.
- In 2013, Lumosity's research called Stillwater the 25th smartest city in the United States, with a score of 102.59.
- In 2010, Stillwater was named by Forbes the sixth fastest-growing small city in the country. From 2006 to 2009, the population of Stillwater and its surrounding communities grew from 73,818 to 79,727, a growth rate of 8%.
- In 2010, CNN and Fortune magazine named Stillwater the 67th most livable city in 100.
- Stillwater is a member of the Tree City USA.
- ^ 2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status. U.S. Census Bureau. [April 14, 2011]. (Original content archived in 2011-07-21).
- ^ Stillwater. US Geological Bureau Geographic Name Information System.
- ^ [//web.archive.org/web/20150924123310/http://www.okhistory.org/publications/enc/entry.php?entry=UN001 Page Archive Backup in the Internet Archive Bob L. Blackburn, " Unassigned Lands," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, Accessed August 4, 2013
- ^ Best Places to Live: Money's List of America's Best Small Cities Page Archive Backup, available in the Internet Archive, CNN Money Magazine, August 2010. (accessed August 1, 2013)
- ^ Historical Stillwater Weather. Stillwater Weather. [6 May 2015]. (Original content archived in 2015-10-05).
- ^ Thoburn, Joseph B. Centennial of the Tour on the Prairies. Chronicles of Oklahoma. September 1932, 10(3): 496 [January 15, 2011]. (Original content archived in 2011-11-27).
- ^ Layman, Jimi. Spotlight on OML Members, Stillwater: People who think big and see possibilities (PDF). Oklahoma Cities & Towns. May 2010: 12-16 [4 January 2011]. (Original Content (PDF) Archived in 2019-06-22).
- ^ Newsom, D. Earl. A Pictorial History of Stillwater: One Hundred Years of Memories. Norfolk/Virginia Beach, Virginia, United States: The Donning Company. 1989: 14. ISBN 0-89865-768-7.
- ^ D. Earl Newsom, "Stillwater," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. Page Archive Backup, available in the Internet Archive Accessed March 13, 2015.
- ^ Newsom, p. 129
- ^ Newsom, p. 83
- ^ Newsom, p. 192
- ^ City Code of Stillwater, Oklahoma. City of Stillwater. 4 October 2007 [4 January 2011]. (Original content archived on July 14, 2011)
- ^ Mills, Karen. Crime Statistics. Stillwater.org. City of Stillwater Police Department. [6 January 2011]. (Original content archived on December 25, 2010)
- ^ Representative Denney, Lee. OKHouse.gov. Oklahoma House of Representatives. 2011 [January 4, 2011]. (Original content archived on December 21, 2010)
- ^ Representative Williams, Cory T.. OKHouse.gov. Oklahoma House of Representatives. 2011 [January 4, 2011]. (Original content archived on December 21, 2010)
- ^ Senator Jim Halligan - District 21. OKSenate.gov. Oklahoma State Senate. 2011 [January 4, 2011]. (Original content archived in 2010-12-18).
- ^ US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990. United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12 [2011-04-23]. (Original content archived in 2011-01-02).
- ^ August Daily Averages for Stillwater, OK(74074). The Weather Channel. [2011-11-21].
- ^ February Daily Averages for Stillwater, OK(74074). The Weather Channel. [2011-11-21].
- ^ Climatography of the United States No. 20: STILLWATER 2 W, OK 1971-2000 (PDF). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. [2015-09-21]. (Original Content (PDF) Archived in 2011-12-21).
- ^ Monthly Averages for Stillwater, OK(74074). November 2011.
- ^ Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014. [June 4, 2015]. (Original content archived in 2015-05-23).
- ^ Reference error:
Nocontent is provided for references
- ^ Number of Inhabitants: Pennsylvania (PDF). 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. [22 November 2013]. (Original Content Archive (PDF) 2013-12-08).
- ^ Pennsylvania: Population and Housing Unit Counts (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. [22 November 2013]. (Original Content Archive (PDF) 2015-09-24).
- ^ Payne, Stetson. Commercial flights coming to Stillwater in August. ocolly.com. Feb 4, 2016 [2016-02-24].